What is Wind Loading?
Definition of Wind Loading in Construction
The loading effect on a structure, due to the effects of the wind on the surfaces of the structure. This loading is especially important in areas of high wind, such as the shoreline or higher elevations. Wind loading is also an interesting engineering consideration in large cities where there are numerous high structures. The effects of swirling wind, due to the up and down drafts created within large cities, can place lateral, uplift of even down pressure on a structural component. Wind loading is especially important in the design of building facades, glazing components, storefronts, entry foyers, etc. The effects of the wind, is an important design element, and must be carefully considered. Cantilevered structures or suspended structures are especially effected by wind loading and forces. The structural engineer together with the architect must combine the proper engineering with the architectural look that is required for the structure. Wind can cause extreme pressures and different forces around a structure. Wind bracing, wind dampening , wind deflection, wind shedding, are all engineering elements that must be considered when building in a high wind zone. The tendency for wind to cause oscillating rhythms that can increase in amplitude must also be considered, especially when designing bridge or cantilevered structures. Wind loading is an important design consideration and must be carefully studied and engineered.